Bleeding gums are due to the buildup of plaque at the gum line. This condition is referred to as gingivitis or inflamed gums. If plaque is not treated it would harden into tartar, which leads to increased bleeding, and it would result in more adverse forms of gum and jawbone disease known as periodontitis.

What other than gingivitis can cause gum bleeding?

  1. Bleeding disorder: If you have bleeding gums or heavy bleeding when you get a small cut or have dental work, it may be a sign of a disorder like hemophilia or von Willebrand disease.
  2. Brushing too hard: While teeth themselves are hard, they’re surrounded by gums, which are not. You do need to clean along the line where the gum meets your teeth, but brushing with too much pressure (or with too firm a toothbrush) can actually do more harm than good because it can wear away the thin top layer of gum.

  3. During pregnancy hormonal changes: It’s important for you to take good care of your teeth and gums while pregnant. Pregnancy causes hormonal changes that increase the risk of developing gum disease which, in turn, can affect the health of your developing baby. Below are some tips to help you maintain good oral health before, during, and after pregnancy
  4. Not flossing correctly: If your gums bleed when flossing, you should properly brush and floss the area more often. If you have been flossing for 7-10 days and your gums still bleed when flossing, you should see your Burnaby Dentist. Let your Dentist in Burnaby evaluate your flossing technique and whether or not there is a need for gum treatment.
  5. Leukemia: Easy bruising or bleeding: People with leukemia may bleed from their gums or noses, or may find blood in their stool or urine. Bruises may develop from very minor bumps. Small spots of discoloration — called petechiae — may form under the skin.
  6. Scurvy: is a disease resulting from a lack of vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Early symptoms include weakness, feeling tired, and sore arms and legs. Without treatment, decreased red blood cells, gum disease, changes to hair, and bleeding from the skin may occur. … Treatment is with vitamin C supplements taken by mouth.
  7. Blood thinners: There are many reasons for bleeding gums, but one to keep in mind is that gums can bleed due to a person’s use of blood thinners. An obvious way to cure bleeding gums would be to stop the medication, but blood thinners are necessary for many people, since they are designed to prevent blood clots.
  8. Deficiency of vitamin K: Symptoms include easy bruising and bleeding that may be manifested as nosebleeds, bleeding gums, blood in the urine, blood in the stool, tarry black stools or extremely heavy menstrual bleeding.
  9. Tooth or gum related infections: When people don’t practice proper dental hygiene, bacteria in the mouth forms plaque on the teeth. These bacteria may cause your gums to become inflamed, which results in red, swollen, or bleeding gums.
  10. Inappropriate dentures or other dental appliances: Occasional bleeding of the gums can be caused by wearing dentures that don’t fit correctly.
  11. Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura: Platelets are cells in the blood that help stop bleeding. A decrease in platelets can result in easy bruising, bleeding gums, and internal bleeding. The older name that is still sometimes seen is idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

If you’re worried and want to see a dentist about your bleeding gums, please book an appointment with Bainbridge Dental Office in Burnaby off Lougheed Hwy.